又中又英——Colorism

  A biopic about the father of world tennis champions Venus and Serena Williams has caused a lot of controversy in the US. A biopic is a shortened word for a biographical movie, which means a movie about the life of a real person. Filming for the biopic about Richard Williams, the father of Venus and Serena, has not yet begun but there is already a lot of criticism about the actor who will play the role of the father. There is speculation that American movie star Will Smith will play the role of Richard Williams. The choice of Smith as the lead role has caused anger on American social media. Critics accused the biopic’s producers of colorism (colourism in British English).

  The word “colorism” is seldom used outside the US although colorism exists in many countries. It is a relatively new word that differs from the word “racism”. Colorism means discrimination against the skin color of a person from the same race. Colorism mostly happens among people with darker skin. Racism is discrimination against people from a different race, not against people from the same race. But Hong Kong is unusual because there is some racism against mainland Chinese even though Hong Kong people and mainland Chinese are from the same race. The biopic about the father of American tennis stars Venus and Serena is called King Richard because the name of their father is Richard Williams.

  Will Smith is a black American, just like Richard Williams and his daughters Venus and Serena. But his skin color is not as dark as Richard Williams. Critics accused the biopic’s producers of colorism by trying to make the father of Venus and Serena whiter than he really is. They said a darker actor should play the role of the father. Colorism is also widespread in places such as India, Thailand, and China where people discriminate against people from their own race because of darker skin color. These people should understand we are all the same regardless of our race or skin color.

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  一部關於世界網球冠軍雲露絲與莎蓮娜威廉絲之父的傳記片(biopic),在美國掀起很大的爭議。Biopic就是biographical movie的簡寫,即是關於真實人物生平的傳記電影。這套關於雲露絲與莎蓮娜父親理察威廉斯的傳記片(biopic)還未開始拍攝,關乎父親這個角色的選角問題,已經惹來很多批評。

  有揣測指美國電影明星威爾史密斯將會出演理察威廉斯這個角色。挑選史密斯做主角的這個決定,在美國社交媒體上引起公憤。批評者指責傳記片的(biopic’s)監製是膚色主義( colorism,英式英語為 colourism)。

  Colorism一字很少在美國以外的地方見到,即使膚色主義(colorism)在許多國家中存在。這是一個比較新的字,用以從racism(種族主義)一字區分出來。  

  Colorism是指歧視來自同一種族但膚色不同的人,膚色主義(colorism)通常發生在膚色較為黝黑的人身上;種族主義(racism)則是歧視另一個種族的人,而非歧視來自同一個種族的人。

  然而,香港有點不尋常,因為在這裏也有些對內地中國人的種族歧視(racism),即使香港人和內地中國人來自同一個種族。那套關於美國網球名宿雲露絲與莎蓮娜父親的傳記片(biopic)名為《國王理察》,因為她們的父親就叫做理察威廉斯。

  威爾史密斯是個美國黑人,就像理察威廉斯和他的女兒雲露絲與莎蓮娜一樣,但他的膚色沒有理察威廉斯那麼黑。

  批評者就指責傳記片的(biopic’s)監製們是膚色主義(colorism),令片中雲露絲與莎蓮娜父親的膚色看起來比真實的他要白。他們說應該找個膚色更黑的演員來出演父親一角。

  膚色主義(colorism)在印度、泰國、中國等地方也很普遍,人們會歧視跟他們同一種族但膚色更黑的人。這些人應該明白,我們全都是一樣的,不分種族或膚色。

  中譯:七刻

褚簡寧

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